Top 10 Layer 1 Blockchains in 2023

Top 10 Layer 1 Blockchains in 2023

Top 10 Layer 1 Blockchain in 2023

In the ever-evolving landscape of blockchain technology, Layer-1 blockchains have emerged as the foundation for the next generation of decentralized applications and digital ecosystems. As we step into 2023, it’s time to shine a spotlight on the top 10 Layer-1 blockchain that is paving the way for a more secure, scalable, and sustainable future. From the well-established giants to the rising stars, each platform brings its unique set of features and innovations to the table.

One of the primary challenges that blockchain technology faced in its early years was scalability, with limitations on transaction throughput and high fees hampering mainstream adoption. However, in 2023, the Layer-1 blockchain has made substantial strides in addressing these concerns. Through groundbreaking consensus mechanisms, such as Proof-of-Stake (PoS) and sharding, platforms like Ethereum 2.0 and Polkadot have significantly increased their scalability, allowing for a higher number of transactions to be processed per second while reducing energy consumption.

Another crucial aspect of Layer-1 blockchain’s evolution in 2023 is the growing emphasis on decentralization. Unlike traditional systems where power is concentrated in the hands of a few entities, Layer-1 blockchains are designed to distribute control across a vast network of nodes. This decentralization not only enhances security and censorship resistance but also fosters a more inclusive and democratic ecosystem. With the rise of decentralized finance (DeFi) applications and non-fungible tokens (NFTs), the Layer-1 blockchain has become the breeding ground for a thriving ecosystem of innovative projects, enabling greater financial sovereignty for users worldwide.

What is Layer-1 Blockchain?

In the ever-evolving landscape of blockchain technology, Layer-1 stands tall as the fundamental building block of decentralized networks. Layer-1 blockchains serve as the foundational protocol layer that forms the core of the entire blockchain system. Unlike Layer-2 solutions that build upon existing blockchains to improve scalability and transaction throughput, Layer-1 blockchains are inherently self-sufficient and do not rely on any other blockchain for their operations. This independence gives them a unique advantage, offering unparalleled security, transparency, and decentralization.

At the heart of a Layer-1 blockchain lies its consensus mechanism, determining how transactions are validated and added to the chain. Traditional blockchains, like Bitcoin, utilize Proof-of-Work (PoW), which requires miners to solve complex mathematical puzzles to validate transactions. However, the energy-intensive nature of PoW has sparked concerns over sustainability and scalability. To address these issues, newer Layer-1 blockchains have turned to alternative consensus mechanisms like Proof-of-Stake (PoS) or Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS). PoS relies on validators who are chosen to create new blocks based on the number of tokens they “stake” or hold as collateral. On the other hand, DPoS combines the delegation of voting power with PoS, allowing token holders to elect delegates to validate transactions on their behalf.

What is the Importance of the Top Layer 1 Blockchain Layer in the Ecosystem?

The top Layer 1 blockchain layer plays a pivotal role in the overall blockchain ecosystem, as it forms the foundation upon which the entire decentralized network operates. Layer 1 refers to the underlying protocol that defines the core functionalities and consensus mechanism of a blockchain. These Layer-1 blockchains are distinct from Layer-2 solutions, which are built on top of existing blockchains to improve scalability and throughput. Understanding the significance of the top Layer 1 blockchain layer is essential to appreciate its impact on security, decentralization, scalability, and fostering a diverse ecosystem of decentralized applications (dApps).

  • Security and Immutability: The top Layer 1 blockchain layer is responsible for maintaining the network’s security and ensuring the immutability of transactions. Blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum, both prominent Layer 1 networks, rely on robust consensus mechanisms like Proof-of-Work (PoW) and Proof-of-Stake (PoS) to validate transactions and secure the network against potential attacks. Through these mechanisms, the blockchain becomes resilient to tampering and censorship, making it an ideal platform for trustless interactions and preserving the integrity of data.
  • Decentralization: Decentralization is a core principle of blockchain technology, and the top Layer 1 blockchain layer is instrumental in achieving it. By distributing control across a vast network of nodes, these protocols eliminate the need for a central authority, providing a level playing field for all participants. Decentralization fosters transparency, inclusivity, and censorship resistance, making it a critical component in promoting a more democratic and equitable ecosystem.
  • Scalability and Throughput: The top Layer 1 blockchain layer also addresses the scalability challenge faced by early blockchains like Bitcoin, which had limited transaction throughput. Newer Layer 1 blockchains implement innovative solutions, such as sharding, parallel processing, or protocol upgrades, to increase their capacity to handle more transactions per second. By enhancing scalability, these networks can cater to a broader user base and accommodate the growing demand for blockchain applications, such as DeFi, NFTs, and decentralized governance.
  • Diverse Ecosystem of dApps: Layer-1 blockchains are the breeding grounds for a diverse ecosystem of decentralized applications (dApps). Developers can build and deploy dApps directly on these Layer 1 networks, leveraging their security and decentralization features. The availability of robust and scalable infrastructure encourages innovation and fosters the creation of various use cases, from finance and supply chain management to social media and gaming. As the dApp ecosystem thrives, it attracts more users and expands the overall blockchain adoption.
  • Interoperability and Cross-Chain Communication: Several Layer 1 blockchain focus on interoperability, allowing different blockchain networks to communicate and share data seamlessly. Interoperability enhances collaboration and facilitates the movement of assets between blockchains, promoting a more connected and versatile blockchain ecosystem.

What are the Top 10 Layers 1 Blockchain?

1. Ethereum

Ethereum, often referred to as the "world computer" of blockchain technology, stands tall as one of the most influential and significant Layers 1 blockchain in the decentralized ecosystem. In 2023, Ethereum's significance lies in its transition to Ethereum 2.0, a major upgrade aiming to address its scalability and sustainability challenges.

With the shift to a PoS consensus mechanism, Ethereum 2.0 promises greater energy efficiency, reducing its carbon footprint while enhancing its transaction throughput and overall network capacity. This upgrade is crucial to accommodate the growing demand for Ethereum-based applications, providing a seamless and cost-effective experience for users and developers alike.

2. Solana

Solana has emerged as a prominent player in the blockchain space, earning its place among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchain. Scalability is the key highlight of Solana's design. Leveraging a combination of Proof-of-History (PoH) and a modified version of Proof-of-Stake (PoS), Solana can achieve blazing-fast speeds and high throughput.

PoH acts as a timekeeper, providing historical data to nodes and enabling them to process transactions with more accuracy and efficiency. This unique approach ensures that network nodes have consistent, verifiable information, reducing the risk of conflicts and enhancing scalability. Another standout feature of Solana is its sub-second block times.

3. Astar

In the ever-expanding landscape of blockchain technology, Astar has emerged as a rising star among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains. Astar is a unique and promising platform that combines innovative features, scalability, and a strong focus on developer-friendly tools. As the decentralized ecosystem continues to evolve, Astar is making significant strides in establishing itself as a top-tier blockchain network.

Astar is built with scalability in mind, leveraging a unique consensus mechanism known as Consensus Algorithm for REal-time Transaction (CARET). This innovative approach enables high throughput and near-instant finality, making it ideal for applications that require fast and efficient transaction processing.

4. Cronos

In the rapidly evolving world of blockchain technology, Cronos has emerged as a promising contender among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains. Launched by the ecosystem, Cronos has garnered attention for its innovative approach to scalability, interoperability, and adoption. As Layer-1 blockchain continues to shape the future of decentralized technology, let's explore what sets Cronos apart and why it deserves a spot among the industry's leading platforms.

One of Cronos's key strengths lies in its scalability. The blockchain harnesses the power of Tendermint's Byzantine Fault-Tolerant (BFT) consensus, allowing for faster and more efficient block confirmations. This feature enables Cronos to process a high number of transactions per second, making it suitable for DeFi applications, NFT marketplaces, and other high-throughput use cases.

5. Kadena

As the blockchain landscape continues to evolve, Kadena stands out as a prominent Layer 1 blockchain that has been making waves in the decentralized technology space. Kadena is an ambitious and innovative platform that combines scalability and security, positioning itself among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains of the future.

The backbone of Kadena's hybrid consensus, ScalableBFT, offers a novel solution to the scalability trilemma, a challenge faced by many blockchain networks. ScalableBFT ensures that the network remains secure, scalable, and decentralized, a rare combination in the blockchain world. This allows Kadena to cater to enterprise-level use cases while maintaining the principles of decentralization and security.

6. Injective Protocol

Injective Protocol has emerged as a powerful player in the blockchain space, positioning itself as one of the top 10 Layer-1 blockchain. As a decentralized exchange (DEX) platform, Injective Protocol focuses on providing a high-performance, secure, and user-friendly ecosystem for decentralized finance (DeFi) applications. Its unique design and innovative features set it apart from other Layer-1 blockchains, making it a force to be reckoned with in the evolving blockchain landscape.

Injective Protocol leverages Layer 2 scaling solutions, such as Optimistic Rollups, to enhance transaction throughput and reduce gas fees. By integrating Layer 2 technology, the platform can achieve a high degree of scalability without compromising security or decentralization. The platform allows the creation of custom markets and synthetic assets, offering unparalleled flexibility and enabling the trading of both traditional and crypto assets on a single platform.

7. Cosmos

As one of the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains, Cosmos has emerged as a powerful force in the decentralized technology landscape, revolutionizing how blockchain networks interact and collaborate. Founded on the principles of interoperability and scalability, Cosmos aims to overcome the challenges of siloed blockchains and foster a more interconnected and efficient ecosystem.

At the heart of Cosmos lies the Inter-Blockchain Communication (IBC) protocol, which enables secure and trustless communication between independent blockchains. IBC facilitates the transfer of assets and data across different chains, allowing seamless interoperability and collaboration. This unique feature empowers developers to build dApps that can interact with various blockchains, unlocking new possibilities for cross-chain DeFi, asset swaps, and decentralized exchanges.

8. Avalanche

Avalanche, an innovative blockchain platform, has emerged as one of the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains, revolutionizing the decentralized finance (DeFi) space. Built to address the limitations of existing blockchains, Avalanche brings scalability, security, and high-throughput capabilities to the forefront of decentralized technology. Its groundbreaking consensus protocol and unique features have positioned it as a driving force in the blockchain ecosystem.

Avalanche's versatility is another defining feature that sets it apart from other Layer 1 blockchain. The platform is designed to support custom subnets, providing developers with the flexibility to create and deploy their own blockchain applications within the Avalanche ecosystem. This capability encourages innovation and fosters a diverse range of use cases, from decentralized exchanges and automated market makers to gaming and non-fungible token (NFT) platforms.

9. BNB Chain

In the ever-expanding realm of blockchain technology, BNB Chain has emerged as a prominent player, solidifying its position as a top 10 Layer 1 blockchain. Developed by Binance, one of the world's largest cryptocurrency exchanges, BNB Chain brings innovation and efficiency to the forefront, offering a robust foundation for various decentralized applications (dApps) and token ecosystems.

BNB Chain stands out for its remarkable transaction throughput, capable of processing thousands of transactions per second. This high-speed performance is instrumental in catering to the ever-growing demand of users and dApps, ensuring a seamless experience for participants on the network. In addition to its impressive throughput, BNB Chain boasts remarkably low transaction fees, making it a cost-effective platform for users and developers.

10. Near

Near Protocol has swiftly emerged as a top-tier Layer 1 blockchain, garnering attention for its innovative approach to scalability, usability, and developer-friendliness. Near's cutting-edge design has positioned it among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains, making it a promising platform for decentralized applications (dApps) and the broader blockchain ecosystem.

Near Protocol has attracted a wide array of real-world applications, spanning from decentralized finance (DeFi) to gaming and NFT platforms. These use cases demonstrate the platform's versatility and potential to revolutionize multiple industries. Near's commitment to regulatory compliance sets a strong foundation for its long-term growth and adoption. By adhering to regulatory standards, Near aims to ensure a secure and compliant environment for businesses and users alike.


As we near the end of 2023, it is evident that the world of blockchain technology has witnessed significant progress, with Layer-1 blockchain leading the charge toward a decentralized future. The top 10 Layer-1 blockchains in 2023 have showcased remarkable advancements in scalability, security, and decentralization, cementing their positions as the driving forces behind the blockchain revolution.

At SoluLab, we have closely monitored the evolution of this Layer-1 blockchain and are thrilled to witness their growth and impact on various industries. As a leading blockchain development company, we recognize the immense potential these protocols hold in transforming traditional systems and empowering users with newfound financial sovereignty and control.

In conclusion, the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains in 2023 have demonstrated the transformative power of decentralized technology, and SoluLab is committed to being at the forefront of this revolution. As we collaborate with our clients and partners, we envision a future where blockchain-driven solutions have a profound impact on society, driving us toward a more equitable, transparent, and decentralized world. Together, we embrace the boundless possibilities of Layer-1 blockchain and look forward to shaping a brighter tomorrow.



1. What are Layer-1 Blockchains, and why are they significant in 2023?

Layer-1 blockchain refers to the foundational protocol layer of a blockchain system, serving as the core infrastructure for decentralized networks. In 2023, these blockchains are crucial because they offer inherent security, transparency, and decentralization. They form the basis for innovative consensus mechanisms and scalability solutions that drive real-world use cases, enabling the seamless integration of blockchain technology across industries.

2. What are the top 10 Layer 1 Blockchain in 2023?

As of 2023, the top 10 Layer-1 blockchain include Ethereum 2.0, Polkadot, Cardano, Solana, Binance Smart Chain (BSC), Avalanche, Tezos, Cosmos, Algorand, and Hedera Hashgraph. These blockchains have gained significant traction due to their advanced features, robust development communities, and diverse use cases.

3. How does Ethereum 2.0 differ from the original Ethereum blockchain?

Ethereum 2.0, also known as ETH 2.0 or Serenity, represents an upgrade to the original Ethereum blockchain. The main difference lies in its consensus mechanism, which shifts from Proof-of-Work (PoW) to Proof-of-Stake (PoS). ETH 2.0 also implements shard chains to enhance scalability, allowing it to process a higher number of transactions per second.

4. What sets Polkadot apart from other Layer 1 blockchain?

Polkadot is known for its interoperability, enabling different blockchains to connect and communicate with each other. Its unique architecture allows the creation of specialized parachains, each with distinct functionalities, promoting scalability and customization for specific use cases.

By |2023-08-04T16:49:49+05:30August 4th, 2023|Blockchain|Comments Off on Top 10 Layer 1 Blockchains in 2023

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