Top 10 Layer 1 Blockchains in 2024

Top 10 Layer 1 Blockchains in 2024

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Top Layer 1 Blockchains

The blockchain landscape is evolving rapidly, and Layer 1 blockchains are at the forefront of this transformation. These blockchains are responsible for processing transactions and securing the network, and they are becoming increasingly sophisticated and scalable. As a result, they are becoming increasingly attractive to developers and businesses looking to build decentralized applications (dApps).

There are a number of factors driving the growth of Layer 1 blockchains. One factor is the increasing demand for decentralized applications. DApps offer a number of advantages over traditional, centralized applications, including security, transparency, and immutability. As the demand for dApps grows, so too does the demand for Layer 1 blockchains that can support them.

Another factor driving the growth of Layer 1 blockchains is the increasing sophistication of these blockchains. Layer 1 blockchains are becoming more scalable, secure, and efficient. This makes them more attractive to developers and businesses who need a blockchain platform that can handle large volumes of transactions and data.

As Layer 1 blockchains continue to evolve, they are becoming increasingly capable of supporting a wide range of decentralized applications. This is making them an increasingly attractive option for developers and businesses who want to build dApps.

Understanding Layer 1 Blockchains

Venture into the foundational layer of blockchain technology. This section explores the core principles and functionalities that define Layer 1 blockchains, which establish the groundwork for decentralized ecosystems.

What is a Layer 1 Blockchain?

Before we delve into the top performers, let’s unravel the essence of Layer 1 blockchains. A Layer 1 blockchain is the foundational layer of a blockchain network, the primary blockchain where transactions are directly recorded. It serves as the base blockchain ecosystem protocol, defining the core rules and consensus mechanisms of the network. Layer 1 blockchains are responsible for the security, scalability, and interoperability of the network.

They are typically built on a Proof-of-Work (PoW) or Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism. PoW blockchains, such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, use a computationally intensive process to verify transactions and add new blocks to the chain. PoS blockchains, such as Cardano and Solana, use a more energy-efficient process to verify transactions and add new blocks to the chain. Layer 1 blockchains are often limited in their scalability, as they can only process a certain number of transactions per second.

This can lead to congestion and high transaction fees. To address this issue, some Layer 1 blockchains are implementing Layer 2 scaling solutions, such as sidechains and rollups. Layer 1 blockchains are the foundation of the blockchain ecosystem. They are responsible for securing the network, validating transactions, and storing data. As the blockchain industry continues to grow, Layer 1 blockchains will need to evolve to meet the demands of a larger and more complex network.

Top 10 Layer 1 Blockchains

1. Ethereum

Ethereum, often referred to as the "world computer" of blockchain technology, stands tall as one of the most influential and significant Layers 1 blockchain in the decentralized ecosystem. In 2024, Ethereum's significance lies in its transition to Ethereum 2.0, a major upgrade aiming to address its scalability and sustainability challenges.

With the shift to a PoS consensus mechanism, Ethereum 2.0 promises greater energy efficiency, reducing its carbon footprint while enhancing its transaction throughput and overall network capacity. This upgrade is crucial to accommodate the growing demand for Ethereum-based applications, providing a seamless and cost-effective experience for users and developers alike.

2. Solana

Solana has emerged as a prominent player in the blockchain space, earning its place among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchain. Scalability is the key highlight of Solana's design. Leveraging a combination of Proof-of-History (PoH) and a modified version of Proof-of-Stake (PoS), Solana can achieve blazing-fast speeds and high throughput.

PoH acts as a timekeeper, providing historical data to nodes and enabling them to process transactions with more accuracy and efficiency. This unique approach ensures that network nodes have consistent, verifiable information, reducing the risk of conflicts and enhancing scalability. Another standout feature of Solana is its sub-second block times.

3. Astar

In the ever-expanding landscape of blockchain technology, Astar has emerged as a rising star among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains. Astar is a unique and promising platform that combines innovative features, scalability, and a strong focus on developer-friendly tools. As the decentralized ecosystem continues to evolve, Astar is making significant strides in establishing itself as a top-tier blockchain network.

Astar is built with scalability in mind, leveraging a unique consensus mechanism known as Consensus Algorithm for REal-time Transaction (CARET). This innovative approach enables high throughput and near-instant finality, making it ideal for applications that require fast and efficient transaction processing.

4. Cronos

In the rapidly evolving world of blockchain technology, Cronos has emerged as a promising contender among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains. Launched by the ecosystem, Cronos has garnered attention for its innovative approach to scalability, interoperability, and adoption. As Layer-1 blockchain continues to shape the future of decentralized technology, let's explore what sets Cronos apart and why it deserves a spot among the industry's leading platforms.

One of Cronos's key strengths lies in its scalability. The blockchain harnesses the power of Tendermint's Byzantine Fault-Tolerant (BFT) consensus, allowing for faster and more efficient block confirmations. This feature enables Cronos to process a high number of transactions per second, making it suitable for DeFi applications, NFT marketplaces, and other high-throughput use cases.

5. Kadena

As the blockchain landscape continues to evolve, Kadena stands out as a prominent Layer 1 blockchain that has been making waves in the decentralized technology space. Kadena is an ambitious and innovative platform that combines scalability and security, positioning itself among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains of the future.

The backbone of Kadena's hybrid consensus, ScalableBFT, offers a novel solution to the scalability trilemma, a challenge faced by many blockchain networks. ScalableBFT ensures that the network remains secure, scalable, and decentralized, a rare combination in the blockchain world. This allows Kadena to cater to enterprise-level use cases while maintaining the principles of decentralization and security.

6. Injective Protocol

Injective Protocol has emerged as a powerful player in the blockchain space, positioning itself as one of the top 10 Layer-1 blockchain. As a decentralized exchange (DEX) platform, Injective Protocol focuses on providing a high-performance, secure, and user-friendly ecosystem for decentralized finance (DeFi) applications. Its unique design and innovative features set it apart from other Layer-1 blockchains, making it a force to be reckoned with in the evolving blockchain landscape.

Injective Protocol leverages Layer 2 scaling solutions, such as Optimistic Rollups, to enhance transaction throughput and reduce gas fees. By integrating Layer 2 technology, the platform can achieve a high degree of scalability without compromising security or decentralization. The platform allows the creation of custom markets and synthetic assets, offering unparalleled flexibility and enabling the trading of both traditional and crypto assets on a single platform.

7. Cosmos

As one of the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains, Cosmos has emerged as a powerful force in the decentralized technology landscape, revolutionizing how blockchain networks interact and collaborate. Founded on the principles of interoperability and scalability, Cosmos aims to overcome the challenges of siloed blockchains and foster a more interconnected and efficient ecosystem.

At the heart of Cosmos lies the Inter-Blockchain Communication (IBC) protocol, which enables secure and trustless communication between independent blockchains. IBC facilitates the transfer of assets and data across different chains, allowing seamless interoperability and collaboration. This unique feature empowers developers to build dApps that can interact with various blockchains, unlocking new possibilities for cross-chain DeFi, asset swaps, and decentralized exchanges.

8. Avalanche

Avalanche, an innovative blockchain platform, has emerged as one of the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains, revolutionizing the decentralized finance (DeFi) space. Built to address the limitations of existing blockchains, Avalanche brings scalability, security, and high-throughput capabilities to the forefront of decentralized technology. Its groundbreaking consensus protocol and unique features have positioned it as a driving force in the blockchain ecosystem.

Avalanche's versatility is another defining feature that sets it apart from other Layer 1 blockchain. The platform is designed to support custom subnets, providing developers with the flexibility to create and deploy their own blockchain applications within the Avalanche ecosystem. This capability encourages innovation and fosters a diverse range of use cases, from decentralized exchanges and automated market makers to gaming and non-fungible token (NFT) platforms.

9. BNB Chain

In the ever-expanding realm of blockchain technology, BNB Chain has emerged as a prominent player, solidifying its position as a top 10 Layer 1 blockchain. Developed by Binance, one of the world's largest cryptocurrency exchanges, BNB Chain brings innovation and efficiency to the forefront, offering a robust foundation for various decentralized applications (dApps) and token ecosystems.

BNB Chain stands out for its remarkable transaction throughput, capable of processing thousands of transactions per second. This high-speed performance is instrumental in catering to the ever-growing demand of users and dApps, ensuring a seamless experience for participants on the network. In addition to its impressive throughput, BNB Chain boasts remarkably low transaction fees, making it a cost-effective platform for users and developers.

10. Near

Near Protocol has swiftly emerged as a top-tier Layer 1 blockchain, garnering attention for its innovative approach to scalability, usability, and developer-friendliness. Near's cutting-edge design has positioned it among the top 10 Layer-1 blockchains, making it a promising platform for decentralized applications (dApps) and the broader blockchain ecosystem.

Near Protocol has attracted a wide array of real-world applications, spanning from decentralized finance (DeFi) to gaming and NFT platforms. These use cases demonstrate the platform's versatility and potential to revolutionize multiple industries. Near's commitment to regulatory compliance sets a strong foundation for its long-term growth and adoption. By adhering to regulatory standards, Near aims to ensure a secure and compliant environment for businesses and users alike.


In conclusion, the top 10 Layer 1 blockchains of 2024 represent a dynamic and transformative force in the decentralized landscape. As we’ve explored the unique features, applications, and advancements of these blockchains, it becomes evident that they play a crucial role in shaping the future of digital innovation. These Layer 1 blockchains, including Bitcoin, Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain, Cardano, Solana, Avalanche, Polkadot, Tezos, Algorand, and NEAR Protocol, showcase diverse approaches to scalability, consensus mechanisms, and governance. Each platform brings its own strengths, contributing to the rich tapestry of the decentralized ecosystem.

As the blockchain space continues to evolve, SoluLab stands at the forefront, providing cutting-edge solutions in blockchain development. With a commitment to innovation, security, and scalability, SoluLab empowers businesses to navigate the complexities of Layer 1 blockchains and harness the full potential of decentralized technologies. As we navigate the intricate landscape of Layer 1 blockchains, it is SoluLab’s mission to guide and support organizations in adopting these transformative technologies. Embrace the future of decentralization with confidence, knowing that SoluLab is your trusted partner on the journey towards blockchain innovation and success.



1. What makes a blockchain a Layer 1 blockchain?

A Layer 1 blockchain refers to the base protocol of a blockchain network where transactions are directly recorded. It serves as the foundational layer, defining the core rules and consensus mechanisms.

2. How were the top 10 Layer 1 blockchains selected?

The selection was based on a comprehensive analysis of each blockchain’s unique features, consensus mechanisms, scalability solutions, smart contract functionalities, and overall impact on the decentralized ecosystem.

3. What advantages do Layer 1 blockchains offer over other layers?

Layer 1 blockchains provide direct access to the blockchain network, ensuring security, transparency, and decentralized consensus. Their primary advantage lies in serving as the foundational layer without relying on other protocols.

4. Can Layer 1 blockchain be used for applications beyond cryptocurrencies?

Yes, Layer 1 blockchains have diverse applications beyond cryptocurrencies. They are employed in decentralized finance (DeFi), supply chain management, healthcare, and various other industries, offering a broad spectrum of use cases.

5. How do Layer 1 blockchains contribute to global financial inclusion?

Layer 1 blockchains break down geographical barriers, enabling global access to financial services. Their decentralized nature ensures that individuals worldwide can participate in the financial ecosystem without traditional banking constraints.

6. What are the emerging trends in Layer 1 blockchain technology for 2024?

Emerging trends include increased collaboration among blockchain networks, integration with traditional finance, and technological advancements such as improved scalability solutions, interoperability, and enhanced consensus mechanisms.

7. How can businesses leverage SoluLab’s expertise in Layer 1 blockchain development?

SoluLab offers cutting-edge solutions in blockchain development, guiding businesses through the complexities of Layer 1 blockchains. Whether it’s for creating decentralized applications (DApps), implementing smart contracts, or navigating blockchain governance, SoluLab is your trusted partner for blockchain innovation.

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