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Blockchain for Finance, banking and Capital Markets

Blockchain for Finance, banking and Capital Markets

Blockchain for Finance, banking and Capital Markets

Blockchain technology is slowly but surely making its way to the banking and financial services industry. It will also transform the overall security of the finance and banking sector. From securities trading to cross-border payments, blockchain technology is poised to impact how international transactions are carried out greatly, and digital assets are kept secure. 

Large financial institutions leverage blockchain to remodel investing and accounting services such as banks, stock markets, insurance, and asset management. These significantly improve efficiency, security, and transparency, which is crucial in modern times. 

And also, India’s largest federal financial institution, the Reserve Bank of India, recently announced a foray into Central Digital currency. And not only India but other larger economies have also started to develop their digital currency. These countries include the Bahamas, Nigeria, Russia, China, Sweden, Jamaica, and more. They are taking their first step into the digital transition of money. 

The Central Bank Digital Currencies will act as digital money, managed on a distributed or centralized network: Advantages of CBDC for central banks provision on retail and wholesale levels, including an efficient interbank settlement infrastructure. CBDC also increases financial inclusion for individuals without decent access to bank branches or real cash. 

Companies are eager to participate in the latest digital economic system powered by DeFi apps. The DeFi apps, usually known as dApps, handle transactions and run various blockchains available around different regions to propel the adoption and utilization of distributed finance.

Let’s get more insight into how blockchain will transform capital markets, banking, and decentralized finance.

How are Capital Markets subject to thrive in a decentralized ecosystem?

The capital markets are divided categorically between Issuers, fund managers, investors, and regulators. These four entities collaborate to keep the capital markets floating in global or domestic trade.

In the capital markets, issuers create, record, and sell securities to develop funds for various operations. Fund managers take responsibility for executing investment strategies by overseeing the fund’s trading activities. And investors put money throughout the capital markets for greater returns on investments; these investments can range from equities, securities, debt funds, and tax saving schemes. Finally, regulators are responsible for creating and managing standards for capital markets to function fairly and competently.

Blockchain to automate settlements for issuers

Issuing new bonds and securities is a time and cost-consuming practice. To reduce the time of issuance, banks and corporations can utilize smart contract functionality to keep all the standards relevant. The blockchain also offers a faster speed of transacting, ultimately leading to lesser settlement time than their respective traditional systems. 

Apart from the speed and certainty of the transaction, the efficiencies also improve with lower transaction costs.

Blockchain to restrict data alteration for fund managers 

Reducing operational costs is a profound opportunity practiced by fund managers to maximize profits while taking efficiency and effectiveness into consideration. Fund managers can take advantage of better service delivery by integrating blockchain applications to break new ground in the services industry. Managers and investors can utilize blockchain in fund management to cut costs sharply and enhance data credibility, accuracy, transparency, immutability, and accountability. 

All this happens according to the blockchain security function that disables data alteration within decentralized data storage. 

Blockchain offers reduced costs and more liquidity for investors.

Investors need exchanges they can trust and trade freely without extreme restrictions. Blockchain technology solves that and provides an improved, open, and free global trade exchange that can’t function by single entities controlling all the rules, regulations, and transactions. 

Blockchain also reduces the cost of issuing new trades and, at the same, improves the speed of transactions that result in a healthy environment for investors to buy and sell securities. It also tackles the problem of low liquidity in the market by reducing the costs of issuance and trade transactions. The programmable nature of assets and securities also reduces the risk of falling rates in capital management.

Blockchain for regulators to sustain automation

Government agencies and regulatory organizations can leverage blockchain technology to track and verify all transactions – thanks to blockchain’s transparency and availability of the data at all times of the day, data sharing is easy and secure. Blockchain allows regulators to automatically audit and check data compliance, as the data can never be changed or hampered within a blockchain. 

Due to blockchain’s integration, regulators can mitigate risks and focus solely on risk prediction analysis, improving the management of transactions and security. Blockchain will also enable regulators to primarily focus on protecting the investor’s time and money. 

Categoric collaboration between Issuers, fund managers, investors, and regulators keeps the capital markets floating in global or domestic trade.

How Is Blockchain Changing the Banking System?

Blockchain can potentially rebuild the banking industry and drive it more transparent, inclusive, protected, and cost-effective. Banking can use “smart contracts,” self-executing contracts programmed on the blockchain, automating manual operations from claims processing and compliance to automating tasks and notifications of critical financial metrics.

For organizations that don’t require a greater extent of decentralization but could profit with more promising coordination — Blockchain’s cousin, “distributed ledger technology (DLT),” could enable institutions to designate better administration and benchmarks around data sharing and partnerships.

Take Credit Suisse for example, many scandals have hit the giant bank, from defrauding investors to forging signatures to servicing businesses. All these could be avoided if better governance and compliance were coordinated in its operations.

Blockchain-equipped banking systems can reduce settlement time, automate financial recording and strategy analysis, and proffer security over inter-party risks. 

Blockchain technology and DLT can largely improve profit margins of the $5T+ banking industry by removing intermediaries from the key services. Some of benefits of Blokchain include the following:

Payments: Providing fast and cheap money transfers. It is especially true for cross-border transfers and micropayments, where bank fees can be comparable to the transfer amount. While in banks, such transactions take a long time (up to 3-5 business days) and are expensive (from 1% of the amount). On a global scale, this is a considerable expense. In cryptocurrency networks, transfers take several minutes and are significantly cheaper.

In the domestic and global payments market, blockchain has eased the payment process. Blockchain-enabled payment has reduced two nightmares like heavy processing fees and long processing time, etc. 

Blockchain helps the cross-border payment system by limiting the number of intermediates in the chain. Smart Contracts and dApps automate processes like immutable recording, providing edging security, so third-party surveillance and maintenance are unnecessary. 

Clearance and Settlement Systems: DLT can optimally decrease operating costs and carry us closer to real-time trades between financial institutions.

Customer KYC and Fraud Prevention: Blockchain technology can help in secure communication and transactions between financial institutions. It can securely store customer information in a decentralized block. Cryptographically hashed encrypted keys prevents duplication, data manipulation and fraud. It further prevents hacking and malware attacks. It will take years for hackers to break down the hashcode chain and enter the network. 

Fundraising: Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are testing a new standard of financing that simplifies access to capital rather than traditional capital-raising services and businesses.

Loans and Credit: Blockchain technology enables higher security in borrowing money and provides lower interest rates by removing the condition for porters in the loan and credit industry.

Trade Finance: Blockchain technology can devise openness, safety, and trust among various trade parties globally by replacing the bulky, paper-heavy bills in the trade and finance industry.

Auditing

For auditing purposes, blockchain is a very secure and flexible surveillance system. Blockchain-enabled systems can transform once-a-year auditing processes into real-time monitoring systems. Moreover, transactions being recorded in a blockchain ledger are immutable, and the real-time process will record every minute detail to bring attention to them. Auditing processes will be easy to maintain, less costly, and full transparency to organizations over ownership of the historical data records. 

Audit engagements are an important part of any business, as they help identify potential losses and fraud, which can lead to a significant financial loss for businesses. This is why it is vital for businesses to be able to audit their own operations and processes in order to prevent fraudulent activities from occurring.

The use of blockchain technology has helped auditors achieve this objective by verifying transactions and records with a high degree of accuracy. Blockchain technology has allowed businesses to increase their ability to record and verify transactions, which has led them to increase their confidence levels when conducting audits.

Governance & Security:

Blockchain makes it possible to get rid of complex workflows. It improves traceability and interoperability between systems. The technology guarantees the security of the data while excluding the human factor. There are already projects on the blockchain that issue loans, identify customers, and implement corporate financing. 

Besides recording and processing transactions from all groups, blockchain builds stronger trust between groups doing business together. The immutable record of all the transaction history, which is available in real-time, allows regulators to govern, audit, and disable any breach in the documents that could harm the organization. 

Asset Management

Assets like stocks and reserve assets are managed by asset management funds, and people can’t spare time to manage their assets depending on these asset management firms. Tasks like raising funds, real estate buying and selling, and portfolio management are becoming tougher, as people’s demand and economic protocols are more variable today. 

Banks and other institutions handle money and securities administration for users. Blockchain aids end-to-end fund transactions, automating financial events such as dividend proceedings, coupons, holding rights, fund maturity, and pricing. 

Blockchain-infused asset management systems can embrace new possibilities for managing liability risk, reducing process complexity, and more like – 

Increasing transparency among investors and stakeholders 

Stakeholder voting management and right determination and surveillance 

Automated fund launch

Managing upcoming investments passionate customer base 

Other than these features, efficient capital management and automated fund administration like facilities can embrace constantly evolving blockchain technology. 

What is Decentralized Finance or DeFi?

DeFi refers to a transition from traditional centralized financial order controlled by banks and other large financial institutions to a more democratic, open, and all-inclusive digital economic system. It embodies peer-to-peer finance fostered by decentralized technologies created on various blockchain networks. It removes any intermediary and reduces the cost and time between crypto transactions. Smart contracts are fuelling this digital economy with automated and precise management of transactions, making DeFi error-free and secure.

DeFi maximizes the participation of small and large companies, individuals, and developers, building new standards for better financial access, trust, and opportunity for everyone.

The DeFi ecosystem has scaled into an extensive and comprehensive network of integrated protocols and financial tools. There are now billions of dollars of value locked in blockchain smart contracts, making DeFi a most active sector in the blockchain ecosystem.

Now let’s move on to understand what factors truly define Decentralized Finance.

These factors are:

Interoperability 

Several blockchains, including Etherium, Polygon, Solana, and Algorand, ensure that DeFi applications and protocols combine and complement one another. The DeFi system enables developers and platforms to customize interfaces, develop new protocols atop existing protocols, and integrate third-party applications to make DeFi more scalable.

Programmability

The programmable nature of smart contracts enables the automatic execution of protocols. It allows the creation of diverse digital assets and financial tools autonomously. 

Transparency

On the distributed networks, each and all transactions are visible to other users of the blockchain. All blockchain members store and verify the data, enabling paramount transparency. The data availability also allows developers and data analysts to create and execute strategies required to enhance the distributed network’s capabilities.

Immutability

The blockchain’s decentralized architecture offers inviolable data coordination. It allows the network to enhance security and auditability.

Permissionless

As discussed before, DeFi is open, meaning a crypto wallet holder can access dApps with the internet irrespective of their geography and fund availability.

Self-Custody

The most important application of DeFi is accountability for your-own digital assets, keys, and passwords. Web3 wallets like Metamask enable you to do so while you interact with permissionless financial protocols.

Apart from DeFi, there is one more restricted version which could be beneficial for  creating an inter-governance model for private institutions.

What Is CeDeFi And Why It’s Complementary To Traditional Finance and Banking

CeDeFi, alias Centralized Decentralized Finance, is among the best blockchain innovations. The term clearly explains the motive behind this new blockchain realm, which is to combine elements of centralization dear to traditional finance and leverage blockchain’s benefits to improve the organization’s governance and efficiency. 

CeDeFi offers authority custodians over decentralized systems. With CeDeFi, organizations can expand their business with blockchain without fearing losing control over their inner dynamics. Moreover, organizations get the best of both traditional finance systems and the limitlessness of the Defi application. DeFi products like liquidity aggregators, DeFi smart lending protocols, yield farming tools, and techniques, in exchange for a minimal transactional fee. 

Above all, blockchain’s capability to help create a backbone governance model for traditional businesses will profit from auditing systems and processes. Improve traceability, data security, and interoperability between systems. The encrypted immutable nature of blockchain can prevent fraud and cyber attacks on financial systems. 

For example, CeDeFi lets institutions operate with less transactional fees, better KYC support, end-to-end security, and myriad use cases built into blockchain smart contracts. 

For possessing these features, CeDeFi is quite complementary to traditional finance systems. Traditional finance needs process efficiency, improved data security, and the entire value chain governance. CeDeFi, from all perspectives, fulfills every conventional finance requirement. So, the claim is affirmative.

SoluLab is working with leading financial institutions to transition their business to blockchain.,

Contact us to know more.

By |2022-10-06T21:03:31+05:30October 6th, 2022|Blockchain|Comments Off on Blockchain for Finance, banking and Capital Markets

About the Author:

SoluLab is a market-leading digital & technological solution provider with the upper hand in Blockchain, AI / ML, IoT, Data Science, and Digital Transformation. Proudly recognized as the number one global enterprise blockchain development company, we have a prominent team of developers & designers displaying extensive experience in their domains. Our UI/UX team is qualified to come out with pixel perfection in each project. The company is co-founded and mentored by the well-seasoned duo in the tech-business landscape, ex-vice president of Goldman Sachs and principal solution architect of Citrix, with over 30 years of software industry experience.

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